Concrete Parking Lots - All About Parking Lots (2023)

concrete parking lots

Is a concrete parking lot the right option for your commercial property?

Concrete Parking Lots - All About Parking Lots (1)

Looking for parking ideas or considering a new concrete parking lot for your commercial property?

  • Which parking surface is better when choosing between concrete, asphalt or pavement?
  • What are the advantages of a concrete parking lot over asphalt or pavers?
  • What kind of ongoing maintenance does a concrete car park require compared to other types of car parks?

These are very important aspects to take into account when choosing a new car park.

How common are concrete parking lots? The further south we travel in the United States, the more likely we are to see concrete and/or paved parking lots. The further north we travel in the US, the more paved parking lots we see. This is due to the number of freeze-thaw cycles that occur in colder regions.

Unlike asphalt, concrete is not flexible, making it less forgiving when it comes to freeze-thaw cycles.

In most cases, to install a new concrete parking lot, you will need plans that include subgrade material and preparation specifications, concrete mix construction and installation specifications, drainage specifications, and concrete specifications. of signage and signage design. In most cases, you will also need to include concrete curbs and gutters, sidewalks, and handicap ramp specifications.

In cases where your commercial property is not subject to city and county codes, you can build a new concrete parking lot without plans or engineering, but you still need a solid water drainage plan. A parking lot can spill large amounts of water, and that water needs to be managed and directed to areas where it avoids flooding neighbors, streets, and even buildings. In that case, it's important to hire a reputable contractor to avoid future problems.

(Video) Concrete Parking Lot Case Study - Concrete Brief

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Concrete Parking Lots - All About Parking Lots (3)

If you already have a concrete parking lot and it shows exceptional signs of aging and deterioration, or it has a lot of patching and repairs and it looks stained, stained and uninviting, it might make sense to completely remove and replace the entire concrete parking lot. very commanding lot. ! In most cases, this can be done without plans or specifications, but it should definitely be done by a reliable slipform paver that gets it right the first time.

All parking lots age and eventually deteriorate beyond repair. The goal of any parking space should be to maximize its useful life as much as possible before it needs to be completely removed and replaced. This requires a solid plan with frequent and ongoing maintenance every 2-3 years.

Of the four parking types, number 2 is a concrete parking lot.
when comparing costs and #2 when comparing ongoing maintenance.

Cost table:

  • Paved Parking - Nº 1 - More Expensive
  • Concrete Parking - No. 2
  • Paved Parking - Nº 3 - Cheaper

A concrete parking lot can be modest in cost compared to other hard surface parking lots.

(Video) Designing Concrete Parking Lots and Streets

Current maintenance table:

  • Paved Parking - # 1 - More continuous maintenance
  • Concrete Parking - No. 2
  • Paver Parking Lot - #3 - Less Routine Maintenance

A concrete parking lot requires the third highest amount of ongoing maintenance compared to other hard surface parking lots.

Life expectancy of a concrete parking lot

A properly installed and regularly maintained concrete car park can last up to 20 or even 30 years. These age differences can be determined by the stability of the subsoil, the quality of the installation, the type and frequency of maintenance, the drainage plan and the climate of the region in which it is located.

What kind of ongoing maintenance can you expect on a concrete parking lot?

Sealing of cracks, patches and new strips

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(Video) Solid Reasons to Choose a Concrete Parking Lot

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A new concrete parking lot should NOT be sealed until it is at least 3 weeks old and should be done on concrete parking lots located primarily in cold, snowy regions. The concrete should then be resealed every 2-3 years to slow down the aging process. Deterioration is caused by the elements, particularly oxidation from the sun, rain and snow, freeze-thaw cycles, and the amount of traffic in the parking lot. The more traffic, the more often your concrete parking lot must be sealed. However, only a high quality commercial concrete sealer is recommended and should only be applied by a reputable sealer.

Concrete cracks naturally. Where and when is the question! Controlled joints are either placed in the concrete during placement or cut into the concrete after placement to try to contain cracks within these controlled joints and not in the concrete area. If cracks appear, they should be sealed with concrete crack sealer. Sealing cracks will help prevent further damage and failure, such as crocodile formation and even holes, by preventing or minimizing water ingress. The best maintenance schedule is to seal the cracks every year. This will certainly save you money in the long run by avoiding expensive repair services.

Choosing the right parking space for your commercial property

When choosing between a concrete car park and other types of car parks, keep the following in mind:

Budget - curb appeal - climate - level of ongoing maintenance - durability

If short-term acquisition costs are a deciding factor,gravel parking lotsThey are a great low-cost alternative to parking on hard surfaces. And when installed correctly, a gravel carving site can be used as a great foundation before installing a solid surface parking lot.

paved parking lotParcels are great cost-effective alternatives to the other hard surface options, depending on the size of your parking space and thickness requirements. However, the long-term disadvantage is that asphalt parking lots require longer ongoing maintenance than concrete parking lots. If the cost is not so important and the aesthetics is more important, the options are concrete or concrete parking lots.paved parking lotsare the alternatives to a solid surface parking lot. Although the initial cost is higher, in the long run they require less maintenance and therefore reduce maintenance costs.

(Video) How to Pour a Concrete Parking Lot! 2000 SQ FT! Part 2

Also consider the impact of a concrete parking lot if it is not properly maintained or how it might look as it ages.

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Concrete parking lots can be a good option for a commercial property parking lot. They offer a very clean and durable parking space that invites potential tenants and their customers. Concrete parking lots can also be installed in a variety of colors or, if you already have a parking lot, they can be stained in a variety of different colors. see some differentlyColorful design ideas for concrete parking lots.

When considering durability, consider the amount and type of traffic your parking lot will handle. Fire department, car wash, or any other type of business that must support exceptionally heavy vehicles, an above-average amount of heavy vehicle traffic, or an above-average amount of water runoff, a concrete parking lot is best long term solution.

Whether you're thinking of installing a new concrete parking lot, staining an existing one, or completely removing and replacing it, check out ourFrequently Asked Questions About Concrete Parking LotsMore information in the section to guarantee a good, quality and lasting job.

You can also learn more about ongoing maintenance of a concrete parking lot by visiting ourFrequently asked questions about the maintenance of concrete parking lotsSection.

(Video) VT Module 4: B (Part 1) - Concrete Parking Lots

Before you hire a contractor to install or maintain your concrete parking lot, read our series of videos and eBooks,"The most common ways concrete workers deceive us and how to avoid them"™. You'll learn everything you need to know to hire a trusted contractor and get the job done right the first time!

Or make it easy for yourself and save time, money and future headaches by hiring one of our pre-selected and audited concrete contractors to install, remove and replace, paint or stain or perform maintenance on your concrete parking lot. Learn more or request a quote with one of ourReliable concrete installation or repair companiesnear you!


What are those concrete things in parking lots? ›

Also known as curb stops or parking blocks, wheelstops are the small barriers used at the end of parking spaces to assist attentive drivers with parking their vehicles; wheelstops are also consistently identified as pedestrian tripping hazards.

Is concrete good for parking? ›

It does not wear down as easily as other materials, allowing you to have a beautiful parking lot for many years without extensive maintenance. Durability – Concrete has the ability to withstand excessive traffic and weight, making it a popular choice for commercial applications.

How much psi do I need for a concrete parking lot? ›

For all concrete exposed to freeze-thaw cycles and de- icers, use no less than 4000 psi. 4500 is recommended.

What are the concrete posts in parking lots called? ›

A bollard is a short, thick, strong post installed on sidewalks, parking structures, parking lots, or other trafficked areas to create a protective barrier and keep vehicles where they're intended to be.

What are the three things in concrete? ›

Concrete is made of aggregate, water, and cement, and all these ingredients are mixed together to create a building material that allows you to maneuver it into position.

How do you clean a concrete parking lot? ›

For cleaning concrete car parking lot, high pressure washers are the ideal cleaning machines. Pressure washers eject water at extremely high pressure to blast away dirt and debris from hard surfaces such as concrete.

What is the biggest disadvantage of concrete? ›

What Are The Disadvantages of Using Concrete?
  • Concrete is Very Expensive. ...
  • Concrete has a High Compression Strength, but a weak Tensile Strength. ...
  • Concrete isn't Porous. ...
  • Concrete is Not Aesthetically Pleasing.

What is the best material for a parking lot? ›

Asphalt: Functional, durable and cost-effective, asphalt is probably the most popular parking lot material in both homes and businesses across the country. An asphalt parking lot is installed in a shorter amount of time, and, when maintained properly, it can last up to 20 years.

How thick should a concrete parking lot be? ›

Using traditional design methodologies, standard-duty concrete lots required 7-inch of concrete over a 6-in subbase. The newer standard specifies 5-inch of concrete with no subbase. Heavy-duty lots that were once designed with 8-inch of concrete over a 6-inch subbase now require 6-inch concrete over a 4-inch subbase.

How long does it take 2500 PSI concrete to cure? ›

Curing time of concrete is typically 24-48 hours, at which point it's safe for normal foot traffic. After one week, concrete is typically cured enough to handle continued construction including heavy machinery. Concrete is recognized to have reached full strength 28 days after placement.

How long does it take 3000 PSI concrete to cure? ›

Concrete typically takes 24 to 48 hours to dry enough for you to walk or drive on it. However, concrete drying is a continuous and fluid event, and usually reaches its full effective strength after about 28 days.

How long does it take 4000 PSI concrete to cure? ›

Barger continues: “A typical concrete compressive strength specification requires 4,000 to 5,000 psi at 28 days. Some go a step further and mandate that concrete products cannot be installed or used until 28 days after the date of manufacture.

How thick is a parking lot slab? ›

In most cases, however, six inches of concrete is a typical thickness that provides you with long-lasting support. For high-traffic areas that expect to see large trucks pulling through, plan on 12 inches of concrete. Some parking lots that see seasonal or light use are only four inches thick.

What are the lines in a parking lot called? ›

Parking Lot Striping, also known as Traffic Markings, provides organized traffic flow and clearly marked parking stalls and areas for vehicles to park.

Why are bollards filled with concrete? ›

Security bollards made of structural grade steel filled with concrete have increased traffic-stopping power. An unreinforced concrete post by itself has little bending strength, so it would easily break if hit by a car.

What is the basic knowledge for concrete? ›

In its simplest form, concrete is a mixture of paste and aggregates. The paste, composed of portland cement and water, coats the surface of the fine and coarse aggregates. Through a chemical reaction called hydration, the paste hardens and gains strength to form the rock-like mass known as concrete.

What is the most important in concrete? ›

The compressive strength of concrete is considered one of the most important structural properties it has. As an industrial standard, concrete is classified by different grades. These grades are based on the compressive strength of the material when a specimen of it is made into a cube or a cylinder.

How long does it take a concrete parking lot to dry? ›

The general rule of thumb is that concrete takes about 28 days to dry for every inch of slab thickness. Within 24 to 48 hours, the concrete will be ready for foot traffic.

How often should you clean your concrete driveway? ›

For concrete surfaces with minimal traffic, power washing might only be necessary once every two years or so. That said, most experts would recommend that you wash your concrete at least once a year just to be safe.

How long does concrete need to cure before parking on it? ›

Your new concrete is designed to reach 90% of its full strength potential after 7 days, so feel free to drive your personal vehicle on it then. It will take additional time before you can drive or park heavy equipment or machinery on your newly poured concrete, so make sure to wait at least 30 days.

What are bad things about concrete? ›

Concrete causes up to 8% of global CO2 emissions; if it were a country it would be the world's worst culprit after the US and China. It fills our rubbish dumps, overheats our cities, causes floods that kills thousands of people – and fundamentally changes our relationship to the planet.

What are the main failures in concrete? ›

The 5 Main Types of Concrete Failure
  • MECHANICAL. Most mechanical failures occur because of physical impacts such as collisions. ...
  • CHEMICAL. ...
  • FIRE. ...

What causes the most problems in concrete? ›

Errors made during construction can include adding improper amounts of water to the concrete mix, inadequate consolidation, and improper curing can cause distress and deterioration of the concrete.

Is asphalt or concrete better for a parking lot? ›

Since parking lots see much more salt that the average roadway (which is usually sanded rather than salted), asphalt is the better choice here. Since asphalt is so dark, it absorbs heat from the sun and actually helps ice and snow melt more quickly.

Why are parking lots asphalt instead of concrete? ›

In colder climates like ours, asphalt is the right choice for the following reasons: A concrete parking lot will be subject to frost heaves, which requires immediate maintenance for safety. Concrete is more susceptible to freeze/thaw expansion and contraction.

What is the most efficient parking lot layout? ›

Ideally, parking lots should be rectangular with parking on both sides of access aisles. For two-way traffic flow, parking spaces perpendicular (90 degrees) to the aisles provide the most efficient design. The efficiency decreases as the parking angle decreases.

What are the 3 types of parking? ›

Let us see how many parking types we have.
Because less road width is needed, this form of parking causes the least amount of hindrance to the traffic on the road.
  • 30 Degree Parking. ...
  • 45 Degree Parking. ...
  • 60 Degree Parking.

Is it cheaper to use asphalt or concrete? ›

The cost of an asphalt driveway is typically cheaper than concrete, costing $2.00 to $4.00 per square foot. Asphalt prices tend to fluctuate with fluctuations in crude oil prices. In contrast, a concrete driveway costs between $4.00 and $6.00 per square foot for a standard installation.

Can you pour concrete over concrete? ›

Yes, you can pour fresh concrete over existing concrete. As long as your concrete is in mint condition, this task is doable. If you decide to pour a new mixture over an old slab, be sure it is at least 2 inches thick.

What are the concrete things in front of stores called? ›

Parking bollards.

Bollards can be used to prevent cars from entering or exiting lots in the wrong spots, decreasing the chances of dangerous interaction with pedestrians. Additionally, with properly placed parking bollards, cars will not be able to stop on sidewalks or other walking areas, reducing chances of injury.

What are some concrete things? ›

Examples of concrete objects include plants, human beings and planets while things like numbers, sets and propositions are abstract objects.

What is a parking stacker? ›

What is a car stacker? A car stacker, also known as a parking stacker or a simple parking lift, is a lifting machine that allows you to park several vehicles vertically in one spot. This system provides additional vehicle storage and multiple car parking spaces.

What are the things in concrete? ›

Concrete is a mixture of cement, air, water, sand, and gravel–it's as simple as that! Not exactly. The typical concrete mix is made up of roughly 10% cement, 20% air and water, 30% sand, and 40% gravel.

What is the gap in concrete called? ›

Expansion joints are full-depth gaps between individual poured-concrete slabs and are sometimes called isolation joints. The gaps allow the slabs to move with normal expansion, contraction or settling that occurs due to temperature changes or moisture conditions.

What are the holes in concrete called? ›

Surface voids are the cavities or little holes that appear on the surface of concrete castings. Surface voids (commonly known as pitting) are referred to as "bug holes" or "fish eyes".

What is the space between concrete called? ›

Concrete Expansion Joints, a.k.a. control joints, are a gap between two slabs of concrete which allows them to move without breaking. This gap allows each slab of concrete to move independently and freely from one another. You may think concrete is so hard that it doesn't move but that's not the case.

What is the basic knowledge about concrete? ›

concrete, in construction, structural material consisting of a hard, chemically inert particulate substance, known as aggregate (usually sand and gravel), that is bonded together by cement and water. Among the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians, the bonding substance most often used was clay.

What are the disadvantages of concrete? ›

What Are The Disadvantages of Using Concrete?
  • Concrete is Very Expensive. ...
  • Concrete has a High Compression Strength, but a weak Tensile Strength. ...
  • Concrete isn't Porous. ...
  • Concrete is Not Aesthetically Pleasing.

What are parking lot posts called? ›

Bollards are short, functional posts installed in the parking lot to protect pedestrians and infrastructure. Safety bollards are typically made of steel or cast iron and primarily serve as a visual guide.

What is the parking lot technique? ›

A meeting parking lot is an efficient tool that is used to keep meetings on track. When a topic arises that doesn't pertain to the meeting agenda, you can use a meeting parking lot to set aside the idea to remember to discuss it later.

How do you master parking? ›

11 Parking Tips
  1. Find a suitable space. ...
  2. Check your mirrors. ...
  3. Indicate where you're parking. ...
  4. Position the car in a good angle. ...
  5. Align your door mirror in the centre of the space but one from where you want to park. ...
  6. Align your car's rear for a smooth reverse. ...
  7. Check that the front of your car is clear.

What are the 4 main components of concrete? ›

Concrete is made up of two components, aggregates and paste. Aggregates are generally classified into two groups, fine and coarse, and occupy about 60 to 80 percent of the volume of concrete. The paste is composed of cement, water, and entrained air and ordinarily constitutes 20 to 40 percent of the total volume.

What makes concrete stronger? ›

To make the concrete stronger, add more cement or less sand. The closer you bring the ratio to an even one-to-one of sand to cement, the stronger the rating becomes. This principles works in the opposite direction as well.

Which is stronger cement or concrete? ›

Concrete is used for large projects, while cement is used for smaller jobs, including minor repairs. The adhesive properties of cement make it an excellent binding agent, but the aggregates added in the concrete blending process make concrete substantially stronger than cement. Cement, on its own, is prone to cracking.


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